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ZAKAT – ALMS-GIVING

“Establish the prayer and pay Zakat.” (Qur’an, 2:110)

Zakat is one of the five pillars of Islam. It is an act of worship carried out by one’s wealth. It is the duty of every wealthy Muslim to give a percentage, at least 2.5%, of his possession to the needy persons, every year. Zakat purifies one’s wealth. It cleanses the society of greed and stinginess. Zakat also develops love, kindness, generosity and sacrifice, purifies the heart and protects from the Hellfire.

“Those who pay Zakat, their reward is with their Lord and no fear shall come upon them, neither shall they grieve.” (Qur’an, 2:277)

 

Sadaqat-ul-Fitr (Charity of the Fast Breaking)

Sadaqat-ul-Fitr is a compulsory charity given at the end of month Ramadan. Every Muslim who has wealth and property that exceeds his/her basic needs must give Sadaqat-ul-Fitr to the poor.

It should be given from dawn of the Eid (Holiday) to the beginning of the Eid prayer, but it can also be given before. If a person has dependants, such as wife or children, he is obliged to pay Sadaqat-ul-Fitr on their behalf as well.

The amount to be donated is 1460 g of wheat or 2920 g of barley, dry grapes, dates or equivalent value of money.

People who are entitled to receive Zakat are appropriate recipients of Sadaqat-ul-Fitr.

Sadaqat-ul-Fitr can be given to more than one needy person.

Sadaqat-ul-Fitr’s role is to serve as the atonement for behavior that may have reduced the reward for the fast during Ramadan. It purifies the fast while gives to poor Muslims the chance to celebrate Eid.

 

Eid ul-Fitr

Eid ul-Fitr marks the end of the fasting month of Ramadan. Eid prayer is performed in congregation in open areas like fields, community centers, etc. or at mosques. Gifts are frequently given to children and immediate relatives; it is also common in some cultures for children to be given small sums of money by adult relatives or friends (3idiya). Children will wear their new clothes and go out to amusement parks, gardens or public courtyards. Family gatherings involve cooking and eating all kinds of Egyptian food, but the item most associated with Eid al-Fitr are Kahk, which are cookies filled with nuts and covered with powdered sugar.

On such occasions, students learning Arabic abroad (in Egypt) usually get to indulge into Arabic culture. They live those traditions themselves and have the chance to eat the yummy Kahk. For those who take Arabic lessons online, they will get to explore more the Arab communities and their people.


                                            
                                        

Al-Azhar mosque

Al-Azhar mosque was established shortly after the founding of Cairo itself. It is located in the center of an area teaming with the most beautiful Islamic monuments from the 10th century. Al-Azhar mosque, through the ages, has served as a solid standing symbol of Islam and Islamic teachings. Its different architectural styles indicate its survival as a teaching center throughout the different rules of Egypt as it contains Fatimid, Mamluk and Ottoman styles.

When was Al-Azhar mosque built?
متى بنى الجامع الأزهر؟

Kunafa

Kunafa is a traditional dessert during Ramadan. It is usually served with Iftar. Kunafah is made by drizzling a row of thin streams of flour-and-water batter onto a turning hot plate, so they dry into long threads resembling shredded wheat. The pastry is mixed with butter and filled with any of various options.

Fawazeer Ramadan

After the Iftar meal and the Tarawee7 prayers, we are ready for some fun. For over 50 years, fawazeer Ramadan has been an essential part of entertainment in Ramadan. Today we will start with our first question: What is the number of the month of Ramadan in the Hijri (Islamic calendar)?
ما ترتيب شهر رمضان فى شهور السنة الهجرية؟

After the Iftar meal and the Tarawee7 prayers, we are ready for some fun. For over 50 years, fawazeer Ramadan has been an essential part of entertainment in Ramadan. Today we will start with our first question: What is the number of the month of Ramadan in the Hijri (Islamic calendar)?
ما ترتيب شهر رمضان فى شهور السنة الهجرية؟

first day of Ramadan

Today is the first day of Ramadan. It is the longest in the number of hours we had to fast. Today we did not eat or drink for 15 hours and 14 minutes.

So7our السحور

So7our is the meal we eat in Ramadan a couple of hours before dawn. The main dish is the “foul”. It is economical and delicious.

Foul is rich in protein and various minerals. It is not easily digested and we do not feel hungry for a while, this is why it is preferred for so7our.

So7our is the meal we eat in Ramadan a couple of hours before dawn. The main dish is the “foul”. It is economical and delicious.

Foul is rich in protein and various minerals. It is not easily digested and we do not feel hungry for a while, this is why it is preferred for so7our.

Al Ghazali’s book on Eating Manners – By: Dr. Yousreya Amin

Abu Hamid Al-Ghāzali (1058-1111) in the book of Manners Relating to Eating (Kitab adab al-akl)( book XI of The  Revival of the Religious Sciences) describes the principles of conduct in daily life regarding eating. More

The Islamic New Year

The Islamic New Year

راس السنة الهجرية


“With Allah the months are twelve; four of them are holy; three of these are successive and one occurs singly” between the months of Jumaada and Sha’ban.” The Prophet Mohamed in his final sermon More

Hajj: The Day of Arafat

The Day of Arafat

يوم عرفات

During the 9th day of the month of Dhul Hijja all pilgrims head to mount Arafat near Mecca.  If a pilgrim could not reach that hill before sun down, then the whole pilgrimage had to be repeated the following year. It is  the highest point of Hajj. More